Madrid, the capital of Spain, is a cosmopolitan city that joins the most present-day infrastructures and the status as an economic and financial center, with a huge social and aesthetic legacy, an inheritance of hundreds of years of sensational history.
Deliberately situated in the center of the Iberian Peninsula at a height of 646 m above sea level, Madrid has a standout amongst the most historic centers of all the European cities. This heritage blends flawlessly with the city’s modern infrastructure and all the most recent best in class innovations in audiovisual and communications media. These conditions, together with all the drive of a dynamic and open society have made this city one of the considerable capitals of the Western world.
It has been populated since the Lower Paleolithic time, in spite of the fact that it was not until 1561 that King Philip II made Madrid the capital city of his empire. The historic center, also called the “Madrid of Los Austrias” (in reference to the Habsburg rulers), and the breathtaking Plaza Mayor square – initiated in 1620 and a standout amongst the most well known and typical sites in Spain– are a living examples of the earlier quality of the city in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Close to the Plaza Mayor is the place known as the aristocratic center” where the jewelry in the crown is the Royal Palace, a building dating from the seventeenth century highlighting a blend of Baroque and classicist styles. Next to it is the Plaza de Oriente square, the Teatro Real opera house, and the modern cathedral of La Almudena which was blessed in 1993 by Pope John Paul II. The Puerta del Sol square is surrounded by shops and businesses, and the “Paseo del Arte” art route – whose name gets from world-class museums, palaces, and gardens– are further components in a variety of landmarks which includes the Bank of Spain building, the Palace of Telecommunications, and the fountains of Cibeles and Neptune.
Art and culture have a key part of Madrid’s cultural life. The capital has more than 60 historical centers which cover each field of human knowledge. Highlights include the Prado Museum and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. Furthermore, the Reina Sofía National Art Center, committed to contemporary Spanish art and containing works by Picasso, Joan Miró, Salvador Dalí and Juan Gris, among others.
Madrid’s broad and delightfully kept up parks and gardens – like the Retiro park, once the recreational home to the Spanish monarch, the Casa de Campo and the Juan Carlos I park– offer occupants and guests the opportunity to enjoy the daylight, walk, row on its lakes or feed the squirrels, in one of the greenest capitals in Europe. The significance of its universal air terminal, which consistently gets more than 1,000 flights from everywhere throughout the world, its two Conference Centers, the modern trade fair center in the Campo de las Naciones, and more than 80,000 places in other meeting centers make Madrid one of Europe’s most important business centers.